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Province and island in Indonesia / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Bali (/ˈbɑːli/; Balinese: ᬩᬮᬶ) is a province of Indonesia and the westernmost of the Lesser Sunda Islands. East of Java and west of Lombok, the province includes the island of Bali and a few smaller offshore islands, notably Nusa Penida, Nusa Lembongan, and Nusa Ceningan to the southeast. The provincial capital, Denpasar,[7] is the most populous city in the Lesser Sunda Islands and the second-largest, after Makassar, in Eastern Indonesia. The upland town of Ubud in Greater Denpasar is considered Bali's cultural centre. The province is Indonesia's main tourist destination, with a significant rise in tourism since the 1980s.[8] Tourism-related business makes up 80% of its economy.[9]

Quick facts: Bali, Country, Established, Capital .mw-parse...
Province of Bali
Official seal of Bali
Pulau Dewata (Indonesian)
"Island of gods"
Bali Dwipa Jaya (Balinese)
"Glorious Bali Island"
   Bali in    Indonesia
Coordinates: 8°20′06″S 115°05′17″E
CountryFlag_of_Indonesia.svg Indonesia
Established14 August 1958[1]
and largest city
  BodyBali Provincial Government
  Acting GovernorSang Made Mahendra Jaya
  Vice GovernorVacant
  Total5,780 km2 (2,230 sq mi)
  Rank36th in Indonesia
Highest elevation3,031 m (9,944 ft)
 (mid 2022 estimate)[2]
  Density760/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
  Ethnic groups[3]
Time zoneUTC+08 (WITA)
HDIIncrease 0.764 (High)
HDI rank5th in Indonesia (2022)
GRP NominalIncrease$17.86 billion[6]
GDP PPP (2019)Increase$58.39 billion[6]
GDP rank13th in Indonesia (2019)
Nominal per capitaUS$4,119 (2019)[6]
PPP per capitaUS$13,539 (2019)[6]
Per capita rank9th in Indonesia (2019)
Official nameCultural Landscape of Bali Province: the Subak System as a Manifestation of the Tri Hita Karana Philosophy
CriteriaCultural: (iii), (v), (vi)
Inscription2012 (36th Session)
Area19,519.9 ha (48,235 acres)
Buffer zone1,454.8 ha (3,595 acres)

Bali is the only Hindu-majority province in Indonesia, with 86.9% of the population adhering to Balinese Hinduism.[3] It is renowned for its highly developed arts, including traditional and modern dance, sculpture, painting, leather, metalworking, and music. The Indonesian International Film Festival is held every year in Bali. Other international events that have been held in Bali include Miss World 2013, the 2018 Annual Meetings of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank Group and the 2022 G20 summit. In March 2017, TripAdvisor named Bali as the world's top destination in its Traveller's Choice award, which it also earned in January 2021.[10][11]

Bali is part of the Coral Triangle, the area with the highest biodiversity of marine species, especially fish and turtles.[12] In this area alone, over 500 reef-building coral species can be found. For comparison, this is about seven times as many as in the entire Caribbean.[13] Bali is the home of the Subak irrigation system, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.[14] It is also home to a unified confederation of kingdoms composed of 10 traditional royal Balinese houses, each house ruling a specific geographic area. The confederation is the successor of the Bali Kingdom. The royal houses are not recognised by the government of Indonesia; however, they originated before Dutch colonisation.[15]