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Colorado

U.S. state / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Colorado (/ˌkɒləˈræd, -ˈrɑːd/ ,[8][9] other variants[10]) is a state in the Mountain West subregion of the Western United States. Colorado borders Wyoming to the north, Nebraska to the northeast, Kansas to the east, Oklahoma to the southeast, New Mexico to the south, Utah to the west, and meets Arizona to the southwest at the Four Corners. Colorado is noted for its landscape of mountains, forests, high plains, mesas, canyons, plateaus, rivers, and desert lands. Colorado is one of the Mountain States and is often considered to be part of the southwestern United States. The high plains of Colorado may be considered a part of the midwestern United States. It encompasses most of the Southern Rocky Mountains, as well as the northeastern portion of the Colorado Plateau and the western edge of the Great Plains. Colorado is the eighth most extensive and 21st most populous U.S. state. The United States Census Bureau estimated the population of Colorado at 5,877,610 as of July 1, 2023, a 1.80% increase since the 2020 United States census.[11]

Quick facts: Colorado, Country, Before statehood, Admitted...
Colorado
Nicknames: 
Motto(s): 
Nil sine numine
(English: Nothing without providence)
Anthem: Where the Columbines Grow &
Rocky Mountain High[1]
Map of the United States with Colorado highlighted
Map of the United States with Colorado highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodTerritory of Colorado[2]
Admitted to the UnionAugust 1, 1876; 147 years ago (1876-08-01)[3] (38th)
Capital
(and largest city)
Denver
Largest county or equivalentEl Paso
Largest metro and urban areasDenver
Government
  GovernorJared Polis (D)
  Lieutenant GovernorDianne Primavera (D)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
  Upper houseSenate
  Lower houseHouse of Representatives
JudiciarySupreme Court (list)
U.S. senatorsMichael Bennet (D)
John Hickenlooper (D)
U.S. House delegation5 Democrats
3 Republicans (list)
Area
  Total104,094[4] sq mi (269,601 km2)
  Land103,718 sq mi (268,875 km2)
  Water376 sq mi (962 km2)  0.36%
  Rank8th
Dimensions
  Length280 mi (451 km)
  Width380 mi (612 km)
Elevation
6,800 ft (2,070 m)
Highest elevation14,440 ft (4,401.2 m)
Lowest elevation3,317 ft (1,011 m)
Population
 (estimate as of July 1, 2023)
  Total5,877,610
  Rank21st
  Density56.25/sq mi (21.72/km2)
   Rank37th
  Median household income
$75,200[7]
  Income rank
9th
DemonymColoradan
Language
  Official languageEnglish
Time zoneUTC−07:00 (MST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−06:00 (MDT)
USPS abbreviation
CO
ISO 3166 codeUS-CO
Latitude37°N to 41°N
Longitude102.0467°W to 109.0467°W
Websitewww.colorado.gov
Symbols of Colorado
SloganColorful Colorado
AmphibianWestern tiger salamander
Ambystoma mavortium
BirdLark bunting
Calamospiza melanocoryus
CactusClaret cup cactus
Echinocereus triglochidiatus
FishGreenback cutthroat trout
Oncorhynchus clarki somias
FlowerRocky Mountain columbine
Aquilegia coerulea
GrassBlue grama grass
Bouteloua gracilis
InsectColorado Hairstreak
Hypaurotis crysalus
MammalRocky Mountain bighorn sheep
Ovis canadensis
PetColorado shelter pets
Canis lupus familiaris
and Felis catus
ReptileWestern painted turtle
Chrysemys picta bellii
TreeColorado blue spruce
Picea pungens
Folk danceSquare dance
Chorea quadra
FossilStegosaurus
Stegosaurus armatus
GemstoneAquamarine
MineralRhodochrosite
RockYule Marble
ShipUSS Colorado (SSN-788)
SportPack burro racing (summer)
Skiing & snowboarding (winter)
TartanColorado state tartan
Close

The region has been inhabited by Native Americans and their ancestors for at least 13,500 years and possibly much longer. The eastern edge of the Rocky Mountains was a major migration route for early peoples who spread throughout the Americas. In 1848, much of the Nuevo México region was annexed to the United States with the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. The Pike's Peak Gold Rush of 1858–1862 created an influx of settlers. On February 28, 1861, U.S. President James Buchanan signed an act creating the Territory of Colorado,[2] and on August 1, 1876, President Ulysses S. Grant signed Proclamation 230 admitting Colorado to the Union as the 38th state.[3] The Spanish adjective "colorado" means "colored red" or "ruddy". Colorado is nicknamed the "Centennial State" because it became a state one century (and four weeks) after the signing of the United States Declaration of Independence.

Denver is the capital, the most populous city, and the center of the Front Range Urban Corridor. Colorado Springs is the second most populous city. Residents of the state are known as Coloradans, although the antiquated "Coloradoan" is occasionally used.[12][13] Major parts of the economy include government and defense, mining, agriculture, tourism, and increasingly other kinds of manufacturing. With increasing temperatures and decreasing water availability, Colorado's agriculture, forestry, and tourism economies are expected to be heavily affected by climate change.[14]

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