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U.S. state / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Kansas (/ˈkænzəs/ ) is a state in the Midwestern United States.[10] Its capital is Topeka, and its largest city is Wichita. Kansas is a landlocked state bordered by Nebraska to the north; Missouri to the east; Oklahoma to the south; and Colorado to the west. Kansas is named after the Kansas River, which in turn was named after the Kansa Native Americans who lived along its banks.[11][12][13][14] The tribe's name (natively kką:ze) is often said to mean "people of the (south) wind" although this was probably not the term's original meaning.[15][16] For thousands of years, what is now Kansas was home to numerous and diverse Native American tribes. Tribes in the eastern part of the state generally lived in villages along the river valleys. Tribes in the western part of the state were semi-nomadic and hunted large herds of bison.

Quick facts: Kansas, Country, Before statehood, Admitted t...
The Sunflower State (official);
The Wheat State;[1] America's Heartland[2]
Ad astra per aspera (Latin)
To the stars through difficulties
Anthem: "Home on the Range"
Map of the United States with Kansas highlighted
Map of the United States with Kansas highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodKansas Territory
Admitted to the UnionJanuary 29, 1861 (34th)
Largest cityWichita
Largest county or equivalentJohnson
Largest metro and urban areasKansas portion of Kansas City, MO-KS area[lower-alpha 1]
  GovernorLaura Kelly (D)
  Lieutenant GovernorDavid Toland (D)
LegislatureKansas Legislature
  Upper houseSenate
  Lower houseHouse of Representatives
JudiciaryKansas Supreme Court
U.S. senatorsJerry Moran (R)
Roger Marshall (R)
U.S. House delegation1: Tracey Mann (R)
2: Jake LaTurner (R)
3: Sharice Davids (D)
4: Ron Estes (R) (list)
  Total82,278[3] sq mi (213,100 km2)
  Land81,759[3] sq mi (211,754 km2)
  Water520[3] sq mi (1,346 km2)  0.6[4]%
  Length213[5] mi (343 km)
  Width410[5] mi (660 km)
2,000 ft (610 m)
Highest elevation4,041 ft (1,232 m)
Lowest elevation679 ft (207 m)
  Density34.9/sq mi (13.5/km2)
  Median household income
  Income rank
  Official languageEnglish[9]
Time zones
Majority of stateUTC– 06:00 (Central)
  Summer (DST)UTC– 05:00 (CDT)
Greeley, Hamilton, Sherman, and Wallace countiesUTC– 07:00 (Mountain)
  Summer (DST)UTC– 06:00 (MDT)
USPS abbreviation
ISO 3166 codeUS-KS
Traditional abbreviationKan., Kans.
Latitude37° N to 40° N
Longitude94° 35′ W to 102° 3′ W
Symbols of Kansas
AmphibianBarred tiger salamander
BirdWestern meadowlark
FlowerWild sunflower
GrassLittle bluestem
InsectWestern honey bee
MammalAmerican bison
ReptileOrnate box turtle
TreePlains cottonwood

The first Euro-American settlement in Kansas occurred in 1827 at Fort Leavenworth. The pace of settlement accelerated in the 1850s, in the midst of political wars over the slavery debate. When it was officially opened to settlement by the U.S. government in 1854 with the Kansas–Nebraska Act, abolitionist Free-Staters from New England and pro-slavery settlers from neighboring Missouri rushed to the territory to determine whether Kansas would become a free state or a slave state. Thus, the area was a hotbed of violence and chaos in its early days as these forces collided, and was known as Bleeding Kansas. The abolitionists prevailed, and on January 29, 1861,[17][18] Kansas entered the Union as a free state, hence the unofficial nickname "The Free State".

By 2015, Kansas was one of the most productive agricultural states, producing high yields of wheat, corn, sorghum, and soybeans.[19] Kansas, which has an area of 82,278 square miles (213,100 square kilometers) is the 15th-largest state by area, the 36th most-populous of the 50 states, with a population of 2,940,865[20] according to the 2020 census, and the 10th least densely populated. Residents of Kansas are called Kansans. Mount Sunflower is Kansas's highest point at 4,039 feet (1,231 meters).[21]