Eid al-Fitr

Islamic holiday at the end of Ramadan / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Eid al-Fitr (/ˌd əl ˈfɪtər, -trə/; Arabic: عيد الفطر, romanized: ʿĪd al-Fiṭr, lit.'Holiday of Breaking the Fast',[3] IPA: [ʕiːd æl ˈfɪtˤr]) is the earlier of the two official holidays celebrated within Islam (the other being Eid al-Adha). While the Qur'an does not mention the celebration of Eid,[4] the religious holiday of Eid al-Fitr is celebrated by Muslims worldwide because it marks the end of the month-long dawn-to-sunset fasting of Ramadan.[5] Some Muslims, however, do not view it as a sacred holiday.[6] Eid al-Fitr falls on the first day of Shawwal in the Islamic calendar; this does not always fall on the same Gregorian day, as the start of any lunar Hijri month varies based on when the new moon is sighted by local religious authorities. The holiday is known under various other names in different languages and countries around the world. The day is also called Lesser Eid, or simply Eid.[7]

Quick facts: Eid al-Fitr, Official name, Also called, Obse...
Eid al-Fitr
From top: Muslims performing the Eid prayer at Suleymaniye Mosque, Istanbul, Turkey; cakes and sweets, which are popularly consumed during the celebration in Algeria; a sparkler being lit during Eid celebrations in Indonesia
Official nameArabic: عيد الفطر, romanized: Eid al-Fiṭr
Also calledFestival of Breaking the Fast, Lesser Eid, Sweet Eid, Sugar Feast
Observed byMuslims
SignificanceCommemoration to mark the end of fasting in Ramadan
CelebrationsEid prayers, charity, social gatherings, festive meals, gift-giving, dressing up, Lebaran
Date1 Shawwal[1]
2023 date21 – 22 April[lower-alpha 1][2]
2024 date10 – 11 April
Related toRamadan, Eid al-Adha

Eid al-Fitr has a particular salat (Islamic prayer) that consists of two rakats (units) generally performed in an open field or large hall. It may only be performed in congregation (jamāʿat) and features seven additional Takbirs (raising of the hands to the ears while saying "Allāhu ʾAkbar", meaning "God is the greatest") in the Hanafi school of Sunni Islam: three at the start of the first rakat and three just before rukūʿ in the second rakat.[8] Other Sunni schools usually have 12 Takbirs, similarly split in groups of seven and five. In Shia Islam, the salat has six Takbirs in the first rakat at the end of qira'a, before rukūʿ, and five in the second.[9] Depending on the juristic opinion of the locality, this salat is either farḍ (فرض, obligatory), mustaḥabb (strongly recommended) or mandūb (مندوب, preferable). After the salat, Muslims celebrate the Eid al-Fitr in various ways[10] with food ("Eid cuisine") being a central theme, which also gives the holiday the nickname "Sweet Eid" or "Sugar Feast".[11][12]