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Hundred Days

1815 period of the Napoleonic Wars / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Hundred Days (French: les Cent-Jours IPA: [le sɑ̃ ʒuʁ]),[1] also known as the War of the Seventh Coalition (French: Guerre de la Septième Coalition), marked the period between Napoleon's return from eleven months of exile on the island of Elba to Paris on 20 March 1815 and the second restoration of King Louis XVIII on 8 July 1815 (a period of 110 days).[lower-alpha 1] This period saw the War of the Seventh Coalition, and includes the Waterloo Campaign,[7] the Neapolitan War as well as several other minor campaigns. The phrase les Cent Jours (the hundred days) was first used by the prefect of Paris, Gaspard, comte de Chabrol, in his speech welcoming the king back to Paris on 8 July.[lower-alpha 2]

Quick facts: War of the Seventh Coalition, Date, Location,...
War of the Seventh Coalition
Part of the Napoleonic Wars and the Coalition Wars
hundred days
hundred days

Click an image to load the battle.
Left to right, top to bottom:
Battles of Quatre Bras, Ligny, Waterloo.
Date20 March – 8 July 1815[1]
(110 days)

Coalition victory

Commanders and leaders
800,000–1,000,000[5] 280,000[5]
See military mobilisation during the Hundred Days for more information.

Napoleon returned while the Congress of Vienna was sitting. On 13 March, seven days before Napoleon reached Paris, the powers at the Congress of Vienna declared him an outlaw, and on 25 March Austria, Prussia, Russia and the United Kingdom, the four Great Powers and key members of the Seventh Coalition, bound themselves to put 150,000 men each into the field to end his rule.[10] This set the stage for the last conflict in the Napoleonic Wars, the defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo, the second restoration of the French kingdom, and the permanent exile of Napoleon to the distant island of Saint Helena, where he died in May 1821.