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Idaho

U.S. state / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Idaho (/ˈdəh/ (listen) EYE-də-hoh) is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the Western United States. To the north, it shares a small portion of the Canada–United States border with the province of British Columbia. It borders the states of Montana and Wyoming to the east, Nevada and Utah to the south, and Washington and Oregon to the west. The state's capital and largest city is Boise. With an area of 83,570 square miles (216,400 km2), Idaho is the 14th largest state by land area, but with a population of approximately 1.8 million, it ranks as the 13th least populous and the 7th least densely populated of the 50 U.S. states.

Quick facts: Idaho, Country, Before statehood, Admitted to...
Idaho
State of Idaho
Nickname(s): 
The Gem State (official), The Potato State
Motto: 
Esto perpetua (Latin for "Let it be perpetual")
Anthem: "Here We Have Idaho"
Map of the United States with Idaho highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodOregon Territory, Washington Territory, Idaho Territory
Admitted to the UnionJuly 3, 1890 (43rd)
Capital
(and largest city)
Boise
Largest metro and urban areasBoise
Government
  GovernorBrad Little (R)
  Lieutenant GovernorScott Bedke (R)
LegislatureLegislature
  Upper houseSenate
  Lower houseHouse of Representatives
JudiciaryIdaho Supreme Court
U.S. senatorsMike Crapo (R)
Jim Risch (R)
U.S. House delegation1. Russ Fulcher (R)
2. Mike Simpson (R) (list)
Area
  Total83,569[1] sq mi (216,443 km2)
  Land83,570 sq mi (216,400 km2)
  Water926 sq mi (2,398 km2)  1.11%
  Rank15th
Dimensions
  Length479 mi (771 km)
  Width305 mi (491 km)
Elevation
5,000 ft (1,520 m)
Highest elevation12,662 ft (3,859 m)
Lowest elevation
(Confluence of Snake and Clearwater River; Lewiston[3][4])
713 ft (217 m)
Population
 (2020)
  Total1,839,106
  Rank38th
  Density21.6/sq mi (8.33/km2)
   Rank44th
  Median household income
$76,918[5]
  Income rank
31st
Demonym(s)Idahoan, Northern Idahoans (crossed arms)
Language
  Official languageEnglish[6]
Time zones
primaryUTC−07:00 (Mountain)
  Summer (DST)UTC−06:00 (MDT)
Idaho PanhandleUTC−08:00 (Pacific)
  Summer (DST)UTC−07:00 (PDT)
USPS abbreviation
ID
ISO 3166 codeUS-ID
Latitude42° N to 49° N
Longitude111°03′ W to 117°15′ W
Websitewww.idaho.gov
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Quick facts: Idaho state symbols, Living insignia, Amphibi...
Idaho state symbols
Living insignia
AmphibianTiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum)
Bird
FishCutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii)
FlowerSyringa (Philadelphus lewisii)
Horse breedAppaloosa
InsectMonarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus)
TreeWestern white pine (Pinus monticola)
Inanimate insignia
DanceSquare dance
Food
FossilHagerman horse (Equus simplicidens)
GemstoneStar garnet
SoilThreebear
State route marker
Lists of United States state symbols
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For thousands of years, and prior to European colonization, Idaho has been inhabited by native peoples. In the early 19th century, Idaho was considered part of the Oregon Country, an area of dispute between the U.S. and the British Empire. It officially became U.S. territory with the signing of the Oregon Treaty of 1846, but a separate Idaho Territory was not organized until 1863, instead being included for periods in Oregon Territory and Washington Territory. Idaho was eventually admitted to the Union on July 3, 1890, becoming the 43rd state.

Forming part of the Pacific Northwest (and the associated Cascadia bioregion), Idaho is divided into several distinct geographic and climatic regions. The state's north, the relatively isolated Idaho Panhandle, is closely linked with Eastern Washington, with which it shares the Pacific Time Zone—the rest of the state uses the Mountain Time Zone. The state's south includes the Snake River Plain (which has most of the population and agricultural land), and the southeast incorporates part of the Great Basin. Idaho is quite mountainous, and contains several stretches of the Rocky Mountains. The United States Forest Service holds about 38% of Idaho's land, the highest proportion of any state.[7]

Industries significant for the state economy include manufacturing, agriculture, mining, forestry, and tourism. A number of science and technology firms are either headquartered in Idaho or have factories there, and the state also contains the Idaho National Laboratory, which is the country's largest Department of Energy facility. Idaho's agricultural sector supplies many products, but the state is best known for its potato crop, which comprises around one-third of the nationwide yield. The official state nickname is the "Gem State", a figurative expression which references Idaho's natural beauty.[8]