Jerzy Franciszek Kulczycki of the Sas coat of arms (German: Georg Franz Kolschitzky, Ukrainian: Юрій-Франц Кульчицький, romanized: Yurii-Frants Kulchytskyi; 1640 – February 19, 1694) was a Polish nobleman, diplomat, and spy during the Great Turkish War.[2][3][4] For his actions at the 1683 Battle of Vienna, when he managed to get out of the besieged city to seek help, he was considered a hero by the local people. According to legend, he is often cited as starting the first café in the city in 1683,[5] using coffee beans left behind by the retreating Ottoman Turks. However, more recent sources suggest that the first coffeehouse in Vienna was opened by the Armenian Johannes Theodat in 1685.[6][7]

Quick facts: Jerzy Franciszek Kulczycki, Born, Died, Natio...
Jerzy Franciszek Kulczycki
Portrait of Kulczycki in Turkish attire, Czartoryski Museum
Died19 February 1694(1694-02-19) (aged 53–54)
OccupationMerchant, spy, diplomat, soldier, coffee-house proprietor
Known forHeroism during the Battle of Vienna. Opening one of the first coffee house in Vienna

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