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Joseph Robinette Biden Jr. (// ⓘ BY-dən; born November 20, 1942) is an American politician who is the 46th and current president of the United States. A member of the Democratic Party, he previously served as the 47th vice president from 2009 to 2017 under President Barack Obama and represented Delaware in the United States Senate from 1973 to 2009.
|46th President of the United States|
|Assumed office |
January 20, 2021
|Vice President||Kamala Harris|
|Preceded by||Donald Trump|
|47th Vice President of the United States|
January 20, 2009 – January 20, 2017
|Preceded by||Dick Cheney|
|Succeeded by||Mike Pence|
|United States Senator|
January 3, 1973 – January 15, 2009
|Preceded by||J. Caleb Boggs|
|Succeeded by||Ted Kaufman|
|Member of the New Castle County Council|
from the 4th district
January 5, 1971 – January 3, 1973
|Preceded by||Lawrence T. Messick|
|Succeeded by||Francis R. Swift|
Joseph Robinette Biden Jr.
(1942-11-20) November 20, 1942 (age 80)
Scranton, Pennsylvania, U.S.
|Political party||Democratic (since 1969)|
|Independent (before 1969)|
|Awards||List of awards and honors|
Born in Scranton, Pennsylvania, Biden moved with his family to Delaware in 1953. He studied at the University of Delaware before earning his law degree from Syracuse University. He was elected to the New Castle County Council in 1970 and to the U.S. Senate in 1972. As a senator, Biden drafted and led the effort to pass the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act and the Violence Against Women Act; and oversaw six U.S. Supreme Court confirmation hearings, including the contentious hearings for Robert Bork and Clarence Thomas. Biden ran unsuccessfully for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1988 and 2008. In 2008, Barack Obama chose Biden as his running mate, and Biden was a close counselor to Obama during his two terms as vice president.
In the 2020 presidential election, Biden and his running mate, Kamala Harris, defeated incumbents Donald Trump and Mike Pence. Taking office at age 78, Biden is the oldest president in U.S. history, the first to have a female vice president, and the first from Delaware. In 2021, he signed a bipartisan infrastructure bill, as well as a $1.9 trillion economic stimulus package in response to the COVID-19 pandemic and subsequent recession. Biden proposed the Build Back Better Act, which failed in Congress, but aspects of which were incorporated into the Inflation Reduction Act that was signed into law in 2022. Biden also signed the bipartisan CHIPS and Science Act, which focused on manufacturing, appointed Ketanji Brown Jackson to the Supreme Court and worked with congressional Republicans to prevent a first ever national default by negotiating a deal to raise the debt ceiling. In foreign policy, Biden restored America's membership in the Paris Agreement. He oversaw the complete withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan that ended the war in Afghanistan, during which the Afghan government collapsed and the Taliban seized control. Biden has responded to the Russian invasion of Ukraine by imposing sanctions on Russia and authorizing civilian and military aid to Ukraine. In April 2023, he announced his candidacy for the Democratic Party nomination in the 2024 presidential election.