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African Union

Continental union of African states / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of 55 member states located on the continent of Africa. The AU was announced in the Sirte Declaration in Sirte, Libya, on 9 September 1999, calling for the establishment of the African Union. The bloc was founded on 26 May 2001 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and launched on 9 July 2002 in Durban, South Africa.[5] The intention of the AU was to replace the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), established on 25 May 1963 in Addis Ababa by 32 signatory governments; the OAU was disbanded on 9 July 2002. The most important decisions of the AU are made by the Assembly of the African Union, a semi-annual meeting of the heads of state and government of its member states.

Quick facts: African Union Arabic الاتحاد الأفريقي ...
African Union
Arabic: الاتحاد الأفريقي
French: Union africaine
Portuguese: União Africana
Spanish: Unión Africana
Swahili: Umoja wa Afrika
Motto: "A United and Strong Africa"
Anthem: "Let Us All Unite and Celebrate Together"[1] (instrumental)
  Member states
  Suspended states
Political centres
Largest urban agglomerations
Working languages and official scripts
Official scripts: Ge'ez, Medu Neter, Meroitic, Nubian, Vai, A-ka-u-ku, Bangam, Nsibidi, Osmanya, Zaghawa, Mwangwego, N'Ko, Adinkra, Lusono, Luo, Tifinagh, Mandombe, Nwagu aneke, Arabic, Braille, Greek, Hebrew, Latin
Demonym(s)African
TypeContinental union
Membership55 member states
Leaders
Macky Sall
Moussa Faki[2]
Fortune Z. Charumbira
LegislaturePan-African Parliament
Establishment
25 May 1963
3 June 1991
9 September 1999
 African Union founded
9 July 2002
9 July 2011
31 January 2017
1 January 2021
Area
 Total
29,922,059[3] km2 (11,552,972 sq mi)
Population
 2020 estimate
1,321,000,000[note 1]
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
 Total
$7.573 trillion[4][note 2]
 Per capita
$5,733[4]
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
 Total
$2.587 trillion[4][note 3]
 Per capita
$1,958[4]
HDI (2020)0.577
medium
Internet TLD.africa
Website
au.int
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The AU's secretariat, the African Union Commission, is based in Addis Ababa. The largest city in the AU is Lagos, Nigeria, while the largest urban agglomeration is Cairo, Egypt. The African Union has more than 1.3 billion people and an area of around 30 million km2 (12 million sq mi) and includes popular world landmarks, such as the Sahara and the Nile.[6] The primary working languages are Arabic, English, French, Portuguese, Spanish, and Swahili.[7] Within the African Union, there are official bodies, such as the Peace and Security Council and the Pan-African Parliament.