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African Union

Continental union of African states / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of 55 member states located on the continent of Africa. The AU was announced in the Sirte Declaration in Sirte, Libya, on 9 September 1999, calling for the establishment of the African Union. The bloc was founded on 26 May 2001 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and launched on 9 July 2002 in Durban, South Africa.[7] The intention of the AU was to replace the Organization of African Unity (OAU), established on 25 May 1963 in Addis Ababa by 32 signatory governments; the OAU was disbanded on 9 July 2002. The most important decisions of the AU are made by the Assembly of the African Union, a semi-annual meeting of the heads of state and government of its member states.

Quick facts: African Union Arabic الاتحاد الأفريقي Spa...
African Union
Arabic الاتحاد الأفريقي
Spanish Unión Africana
French Union africaine
Portuguese União Africana
Swahili Umoja wa Afrika
Motto: "A United and Strong Africa"
Anthem: "Let Us All Unite and Celebrate Together"[1] (instrumental)
An orthographic projection of the world, highlighting the African Union and its member states (green).
  Member states
  Suspended states
Political centres
Largest urban agglomerations
Official languages
TypeContinental union
Azali Assoumani
Moussa Faki[4]
Fortune Z. Charumbira
LegislaturePan-African Parliament
25 May 1963
3 June 1991
9 September 1999
 African Union founded
July 9, 2002; 21 years ago (2002-07-09)
9 July 2011
31 January 2017
1 January 2021
29,922,059[5] km2 (11,552,972 sq mi)
 2020 estimate
Increase 1,321,000,000[note 2]
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
Increase $7.573 trillion[6][note 2]
 Per capita
Increase $5,733[6]
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
Increase $2.587 trillion[6][note 2]
 Per capita
Increase $1,958[6]
HDI (2020)0.577

The AU's secretariat, the African Union Commission, is based in Addis Ababa. The largest city in the AU is Lagos, Nigeria, while the largest urban agglomeration is Cairo, Egypt. The African Union has more than 1.3 billion people and an area of around 30 million km2 (12 million sq mi) and includes world landmarks, such as the Sahara and the Nile.[8] The primary working languages are Arabic, English, French, Portuguese, Spanish, and Swahili.[2] Within the African Union, there are official bodies, such as the Peace and Security Council and the Pan-African Parliament.

At a G20 (Group of 20) meeting held in Delhi, India, in 2023, the African Union was admitted as a member to the G20 like the European Union.[9]

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