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Gujarati language

Indo-Aryan language / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Gujarati (/ˌɡʊəˈrɑːti/ GUUJ-ə-RAH-tee;[4] Gujarati script: ગુજરાતી, romanized: Gujarātī, pronounced [ɡudʒˈɾɑːtiː]) is an Indo-Aryan language native to the Indian state of Gujarat and spoken predominantly by the Gujarati people. Gujarati is descended from Old Gujarati (c.1100–1500 CE). In India, it is one of the 22 scheduled languages of the Union. It is also the official language in the state of Gujarat, as well as an official language in the union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu. As of 2011, Gujarati is the 6th most widely spoken language in India by number of native speakers, spoken by 55.5 million speakers which amounts to about 4.5% of the total Indian population.[5] It is the 26th most widely spoken language in the world by number of native speakers as of 2007.[6]

Quick facts: Gujarati, Pronunciation, Native to, Regi...
The word "Gujarati" in Gujarati script
Native toIndia
Native speakers
L1: 57 million (2011)[1]
L2 speakers: 5.0 million[1]
Early forms
Official status
Official language in
Flag_of_India.svg India
Recognised minority
language in
Flag_of_South_Africa.svg South Africa (protected language)[3]
Regulated byGujarat Sahitya Akademi, Government of Gujarat
Language codes
ISO 639-1gu
ISO 639-2guj
ISO 639-3guj
Map of the Gujarati language. Light red are regions with significant minorities, dark red a majority or plurality

Outside of Gujarat, Gujarati is spoken in many other parts of South Asia by Gujarati migrants, especially in Mumbai and Pakistan (mainly in Karachi).[7] Gujarati is also widely spoken in many countries outside South Asia by the Gujarati diaspora. In North America, Gujarati is one of the fastest-growing and most widely spoken Indian languages in the United States and Canada.[8][9] In Europe, Gujaratis form the second largest of the British South Asian speech communities, and Gujarati is the fourth most commonly spoken language in the UK's capital London.[10] Gujarati is also spoken in Southeast Africa, particularly in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and South Africa.[1][11][12] Elsewhere, Gujarati is spoken to a lesser extent in Hong Kong, Singapore, Australia, and Middle Eastern countries such as Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates.[1][13][14]