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South Asia is the southern subregion of Asia, which is defined in both geographical and ethnic-cultural terms. As commonly conceptualized, South Asia consists of the countries Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka.
|Area||5,134,641 km2 (1,982,496 sq mi)|
|Population||1.94 billion (2022)|
|Population density||362.3/km2 (938/sq mi)|
|GDP (PPP)||$15.1 trillion (2022)|
|GDP (nominal)||$4.47 trillion (2022)|
|GDP per capita||$2,350 (nominal) (2022)|
$8,000 (PPP) (2022)
|Ethnic groups||Indo-Aryan, Iranian, Dravidian, Sino-Tibetan, Austroasiatic, Turkic etc.|
|Religions||Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism, Zoroastrianism, Irreligion|
Official languages (national level)
Other official languages (provincial/regional level)
|Internet TLD||.af, .bd, .bt, .in, .io, .lk, .mv, .np, .pk|
|Calling code||Zone 8 & 9|
|UN M49 code|
Topographically, it is dominated by the Indian subcontinent and defined largely by the Indian Ocean in the south, and the Himalayas, Karakoram, and Pamir mountains in the north. The Amu Darya, which rises north of the Hindu Kush, forms a part of the northwestern border. On land (clockwise), South Asia is bounded by Central Asia to the north, East Asia and Southeast Asia to east, and West Asia to the west.
The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is an economic cooperation organization in the region which was established in 1985 and includes all eight nations comprising South Asia. The core countries of South Asia have a total area of 4.4 million km2 (1.7 million sq mi), which is 10% of the Asian continent. The population of the region, under the broader definition, is about 1.9 billion or about one-fourth of the world's population, making it both the most populous and the most densely populated geographical region in the world.
In 2022, South Asia had the world's largest populations of Hindus, Muslims, Sikhs, Jains, and Zoroastrians. South Asia alone accounts for 90.47% of Hindus, 95.5% of Sikhs, and 31% of Muslims worldwide, as well as 35 million Christians and 25 million Buddhists.