cover image

List of countries by suicide rate

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The following are lists of countries by suicide rate as published by the World Health Organization (WHO) and other sources.[note 1]

Map of the suicide rate (age-standardized, per 100,000 population) in the world as of 2019.
  •   > 30
  •   20–30
  •   15–20
  •   10–15
  •   5–10
  •   0–5
  •   Data unavailable

About one person in 5,000–15,000 dies by suicide every year, with an estimated global rate of 10.5 per 100,000 population[3] down from 11.6 in 2008.[4] In high-income modernized countries male and female rates of suicidal behaviors differ much compared to those in the rest of the world: while women are reportedly more prone to suicidal thoughts, rates of suicide are higher among men, which has been described as a "silent epidemic".[5][6][7][8][9]

A study in 2019 found that between 1990 and 2016 global age-standardized suicide rates fell by a third; the rates in 2016 were about 16 deaths per 100,000 men and 7 deaths per 100,000 women. Women experienced a greater decrease compared with men over the study period.[10][11]

In much of the world, suicide is stigmatized and condemned for religious or cultural reasons. In some countries, suicidal behavior is a criminal offence punishable by law. Suicide is therefore often a secretive act surrounded by taboo, and may be unrecognized, misclassified or deliberately hidden in official records of death.[5]

World Health Organization (2002)

As such, suicide rates may be higher than measured, with men more at risk of committing suicide than women across nearly all cultures and backgrounds.[12] Suicide prevention and intervention is an important topic for all peoples, according to the WHO.[13]