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Archipelagic country in Southeast Asia / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Philippines (/ˈfɪlɪpnz/ (Loudspeaker.svglisten); Filipino: Pilipinas),[15] officially the Republic of the Philippines (Filipino: Republika ng Pilipinas),[lower-alpha 5] is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. In the western Pacific Ocean, it consists of 7,641 islands which are broadly categorized in three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. The Philippines is bounded by the South China Sea to the west, the Philippine Sea to the east, and the Celebes Sea to the south. It shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Japan to the northeast, Palau to the east and southeast, Indonesia to the south, Malaysia to the southwest, Vietnam to the west, and China to the northwest. It is the world's thirteenth-most-populous country, with diverse ethnicities and cultures. Manila is the country's capital, and its largest city is Quezon City; both are within Metro Manila.

13°N 122°E

Quick facts: Republic of the PhilippinesRepublika ng Pilip...
Republic of the Philippines
Republika ng Pilipinas (Filipino)
Maka-Diyos, Maka-tao, Makakalikasan at Makabansa[1]
"For God, People, Nature, and Country"
Anthem: "Lupang Hinirang"
"Chosen Land"
CapitalManila (de jure)
14°35′N 120°58′E
Metro Manila[lower-alpha 1] (de facto)
Largest cityQuezon City
14°38′N 121°02′E
Official languages
Recognized regional languages
National sign language
Filipino Sign Language
Other recognized languages[lower-alpha 2]
Ethnic groups
  • 5.6% Islam
  • 4.3% other / none

(colloquial neutral)
(colloquial feminine)

(used for certain common nouns)
GovernmentUnitary presidential republic
Bongbong Marcos
Sara Duterte
Migz Zubiri
Martin Romualdez
Alexander Gesmundo
House of Representatives
from the United States
June 12, 1898
December 10, 1898
November 15, 1935
July 4, 1946
300,000 km2 (120,000 sq mi)[7][8]:15[lower-alpha 3] (72th)
 Water (%)
0.61[9] (inland waters)
298,170 km2 (115,120 sq mi)
 2020 census
336/km2 (870.2/sq mi) (37th)
GDP (PPP)2023 estimate
Increase US$1.289 trillion[10] (29th)
 Per capita
Increase US$11,420[10] (117th)
GDP (nominal)2023 estimate
Increase US$440 billion[10] (36th)
 Per capita
Increase US$3,905[10] (124th)
Gini (2021)Positive decrease 41.2[11]
HDI (2021)Decrease 0.699[12]
medium · 116th
CurrencyPhilippine peso () (PHP)
Time zoneUTC+08:00 (PhST)
Date formatmm/dd/yyyy
Driving sideright[lower-alpha 4]
Calling code+63
ISO 3166 codePH

Negritos, the archipelago's earliest inhabitants, were followed by waves of Austronesian peoples. The adoption of Animism, Hinduism and Islam established island-kingdoms ruled by datus, rajas, and sultans. The arrival of Ferdinand Magellan, a Portuguese explorer leading a fleet for Spain, marked the beginning of Spanish colonization. In 1543, Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos named the archipelago Las Islas Filipinas in honor of Philip II of Spain. Spanish settlement through Mexico, beginning in 1565, led to the Philippines becoming ruled by the Spanish Empire for more than 300 years. Catholicism became the dominant religion, and Manila became the western hub of trans-Pacific trade. The Philippine Revolution began in 1896, which became entwined with the 1898 Spanish–American War. Spain ceded the territory to the United States, and Filipino revolutionaries declared the First Philippine Republic. The ensuing Philippine–American War ended with the United States controlling the territory until the Japanese invasion of the islands during World War II. After liberation, the Philippines became independent in 1946. The unitary sovereign state has had a tumultuous experience with democracy, which included the overthrow of a decades-long dictatorship in a nonviolent revolution.

The Philippines is an emerging market and a newly industrialized country, whose economy is transitioning from being agricultural to service- and manufacturing-centered. It is a founding member of the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, ASEAN, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, and the East Asia Summit; it is a major non-NATO ally of the United States. Its location as an island country on the Pacific Ring of Fire and close to the equator makes it prone to earthquakes and typhoons. The Philippines has a variety of natural resources and a globally-significant level of biodiversity.