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Trinidad and Tobago

Country in the Caribbean / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Trinidad and Tobago (/ˈtrɪnɪdæd...təˈbɡ/ , /- t-/, TRIH-nih-dad ... tə-BAY-goh, - toh-), officially the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, is the southernmost island country in the Caribbean. Consisting of the main islands Trinidad and Tobago and numerous much smaller islands, it is situated 11 kilometres (6.8 miles) off the coast of northeastern Venezuela and 130 kilometres (81 miles) south of Grenada.[11] It shares maritime boundaries with Barbados to the east, Grenada to the northwest and Venezuela to the south and west.[12][13] Trinidad and Tobago is generally considered to be part of the West Indies. The island country's capital is Port of Spain, while its largest and most populous city is San Fernando.

Quick facts: Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, Capital, Lar...
Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
Motto: "Together we aspire, Together we achieve"
Anthem: "Forged from the Love of Liberty"
Location of Trinidad and Tobago
Location of Trinidad and Tobago
CapitalPort of Spain
10°40′0″N 61°30′27″W
Largest cityChaguanas
10°31′N 61°24′W
Official languagesEnglish[1]
Other languagesSee Languages in Trinidad and Tobago[2]
Ethnic groups
(2011)[3]
Religion
(2020)[4]
Demonym(s)
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary republic
 President
Christine Kangaloo
Keith Rowley
Bridgid Annisette-George
Nigel de Freitas
Ivor Archie
Kamla Persad-Bissessar
LegislatureParliament
Senate
House of Representatives
Independence 
 Province of the West Indies Federation
3 January 1958 – 14 January 1962
31 August 1962
1 August 1973
 Republic
1 August 1976[lower-alpha 2]
Area
 Total
5,131 km2 (1,981 sq mi) (164th)
 Water (%)
negligible
Population
 2022 estimate
1,405,646[7] (151st)
 Density
264/km2 (683.8/sq mi) (34th)
GDP (PPP)2023 estimate
 Total
Increase $43.658 billion[8] (126th)
 Per capita
Increase $30,718[8] (58th)
GDP (nominal)2023 estimate
 Total
Decrease $27.887 billion[8] (107th)
 Per capita
Decrease $19,621[8] (47th)
Gini (2012)39.0[9]
medium
HDI (2021)Decrease 0.810[10]
very high · 57th
CurrencyTrinidad and Tobago dollar (TTD)
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideleft
Calling code+1 (868)
ISO 3166 codeTT
Internet TLD.tt
  1. incl. European, Chinese, Indigenous, Arabs
  2. Despite becoming a republic on 1 August, Republic Day is celebrated as a public holiday on 24 September because this is the date when the first Parliament met under the new Republican Constitution.[6]
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The island of Trinidad was inhabited for centuries by Indigenous peoples before becoming a colony in the Spanish Empire, following the arrival of Christopher Columbus, in 1498. Spanish governor José María Chacón surrendered the island to a British fleet under the command of Sir Ralph Abercromby in 1797.[14] Trinidad and Tobago were ceded to Britain in 1802 under the Treaty of Amiens as separate states and unified in 1889.[15] Trinidad and Tobago obtained independence in 1962, becoming a republic in 1976.[16][11]

Unlike most Caribbean nations and territories, which rely heavily on tourism, the economy is primarily industrial with an emphasis on petroleum and petrochemicals;[17] much of the nation's wealth is derived from its large reserves of oil and natural gas.[18]

Trinidad and Tobago is well known for its African and Indian cultures, reflected in its large and famous Carnival, Diwali, and Hosay celebrations, as well as being the birthplace of steelpan, the limbo, and music styles such as calypso, soca, rapso, parang, chutney, and chutney soca.

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