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Turkic peoples

Family of ethnic groups of Eurasia / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Turkic peoples are a collection of diverse ethnic groups of West, Central, East, and North Asia as well as parts of Europe, who speak Turkic languages.[37][38]

Quick facts: Total population, Regions with significant po...
Turkic peoples
The distribution of the Turkic languages
Total population
Over 170 million[1]
Regions with significant populations
Flag_of_Turkey.svg Turkey60,000,000–65,000,000[2][3]
Flag_of_Uzbekistan.svg Uzbekistan31,900,000[4][additional citation(s) needed]
Flag_of_Iran.svg Iran15,000,000–20,000,000[5][6] (18% of population[7])
Flag_of_Russia.svg Russia12,751,502[citation needed]
Flag_of_Kazakhstan.svg Kazakhstan12,300,000[8][additional citation(s) needed]
Flag_of_the_People%27s_Republic_of_China.svg China11,647,000[9][additional citation(s) needed]
Flag_of_Azerbaijan.svg Azerbaijan10,000,000[10][additional citation(s) needed]
European Union European Union5,876,318[citation needed] (Bulgaria 508,375[11])
Flag_of_the_Taliban.svg Afghanistan4,600,000–5,300,000 (2017)[12][13]
Flag_of_Turkmenistan.svg Turkmenistan4,233,600[14][15][16][note 1]
Flag_of_Kyrgyzstan.svg Kyrgyzstan4,500,000[19][additional citation(s) needed]
Flag_of_Iraq.svg Iraq3,000,000[20][21]
Flag_of_Tajikistan.svg Tajikistan1,200,000[22][additional citation(s) needed]
Flag_of_the_United_States.svg United States1,000,000+[23]
Flag_of_Syria.svg Syria800,000–1,000,000+[24]
Flag_of_Ukraine.svg Ukraine398,600[25]
Flag_of_the_Turkish_Republic_of_Northern_Cyprus.svg Northern Cyprus313,626[26]
Flag_of_Australia_%28converted%29.svg Australia59,488[27] (Turkish)
Flag_of_Mongolia.svg Mongolia135,618[28][29]
Flag_of_Lebanon.svg Lebanon200,000[30][31][32][33]
Flag_of_Moldova.svg Moldova126,010[34]
Flag_of_North_Macedonia.svg North Macedonia81,900[35][36]
Turkic languages
Various religions

According to historians and linguists, the Proto-Turkic language originated in Central-East Asia,[39] potentially in Mongolia or Tuva.[40][41] Initially, Proto-Turkic speakers were potentially both hunter-gatherers and farmers, but later became nomadic pastoralists.[42] Early and medieval Turkic groups exhibited a wide range of both East Asian and West-Eurasian physical appearances and genetic origins, in part through long-term contact with neighboring peoples such as Iranian, Mongolic, Tocharian, Uralic and Yeniseian peoples, and others.[43][44][45]

Many vastly differing ethnic groups have throughout history become part of the Turkic peoples through language shift, acculturation, conquest, intermixing, adoption, and religious conversion.[1] Nevertheless, Turkic peoples share, to varying degrees, non-linguistic characteristics like cultural traits, ancestry from a common gene pool, and historical experiences.[1] Some of the most notable modern Turkic ethnic groups include the Altai people, Azerbaijanis, Chuvash people, Gagauz people, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz people, Turkmens, Turkish people, Tuvans, Uyghurs, Uzbeks, and Yakuts.