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Ethnoreligious group or Kurdish minority primarily from northern Iraq / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Yazidis or Yezidis (/jəˈzdz/ (Loudspeaker.svglisten);[23] Kurdish: ئێزیدی, romanized: Êzidî)[24][25] are a Kurmanji-speaking[22] endogamous minority group who are indigenous to Kurdistan, a geographical region in Western Asia that includes parts of Iraq, Syria, Turkey and Iran.[26][27][28] The majority of Yazidis remaining in the Middle East today live in Iraq, primarily in the governorates of Nineveh and Duhok.[29][30] There is a disagreement among scholars and in Yazidi circles on whether the Yazidi people are a distinct ethnoreligious group or a religious sub-group of the Kurds, an Iranic ethnic group.[31][32] Yazidism is the ethnic religion of the Yazidi people and is monotheistic in nature, having roots in a pre-Zoroastrian Iranic faith.[33][34][35][36][37]

Quick facts: Total population, Regions with significant po...
ئێزیدی (Êzîdî)
A Yazidi Tawwaf ceremony, Baashiqa, Iraq
Total population
1,000,000–1,500,000 (estimate)[1][2]
Regions with significant populations
See list of Yazidi settlements
Listed by countries
Flag_of_Iraq.svg Iraq500,000–700,000[3][4]
Flag_of_Germany.svg Germany200,000 (2019 estimate)[5][6]
Flag_of_Russia.svg Russia40,586 (2010 census)[7]
Flag_of_Armenia.svg Armenia35,272 (2011 census)[8]
Flag_of_Belgium_%28civil%29.svg Belgium35,000 (2018 estimate)[9]
Flag_of_Georgia.svg Georgia12,174 (2014 census)[10]
Flag_of_the_United_States.svg United States10,000 (2017 estimate)[11]
Flag_of_France.svg France10,000 (2018 estimate)[12][13]
Flag_of_Syria.svg Syria10,000 (2017 estimate)[14][15]
Flag_of_Sweden.svg Sweden6,000 (2018 estimate)[16]
Flag_of_Turkey.svg Turkey5,000 (2010 estimate)[17][18]
Flag_of_Australia_%28converted%29.svg Australia2,738 (2019 estimate)[19]
Flag_of_Canada_%28Pantone%29.svg Canada1,200 (2018 estimate)[20]
Kurmanji (northern Kurdish),[21] North Mesopotamian Arabic (in Bashiqa and Bahzani),[22]

Since the spread of Islam began with the early Muslim conquests of the 7th–8th centuries, Yazidis have faced persecution by Arabs and later by Turks, as their religious practices have commonly been charged with heresy by Muslim clerics. Most recently, the 2014 Yazidi genocide that was carried out by the Islamic State saw over 5,000 Yazidis killed and thousands of Yazidi women and girls forced into sexual slavery,[38] as well as the flight of more than 500,000 Yazidi refugees.[39][40][41]