Bulgarian language

South Slavic language / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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Bulgarian (/bʌlˈɡɛəriən/ (listen), /bʊlˈ-/ bu(u)l-GAIR-ee-ən; български, bŭlgarski, pronounced [ˈbɤɫɡɐrski] (listen)) is an Eastern South Slavic language spoken in Southeastern Europe, primarily in Bulgaria. It is the language of the Bulgarians.

Quick facts: Bulgarian, Pronunciation, Native to, Eth...
Pronunciationbǎlgarski [ˈbɤɫɡɐrski]
Native to
Speakers8 million (20122020)[4][dubious ]
Early forms
Official status
Official language in
Recognised minority
language in
Regulated byInstitute for Bulgarian Language, BAS
Language codes
ISO 639-1bg
ISO 639-2bul
ISO 639-3bul
Linguasphere53-AAA-hb < 53-AAA-h
The Bulgarian-speaking world:[image reference needed]
  regions where Bulgarian is the language of the majority
  regions where Bulgarian is the language of a significant minority
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Along with the closely related Macedonian language (collectively forming the East South Slavic languages), it is a member of the Balkan sprachbund and South Slavic dialect continuum of the Indo-European language family. The two languages have several characteristics that set them apart from all other Slavic languages, including the elimination of case declension, the development of a suffixed definite article, and the lack of a verb infinitive. They retain and have further developed the Proto-Slavic verb system (albeit analytically). One such major development is the innovation of evidential verb forms to encode for the source of information: witnessed, inferred, or reported.

It is the official language of Bulgaria, and since 2007 has been among the official languages of the European Union.[8][9] It is also spoken by minorities in several other countries such as Moldova, Ukraine and Serbia.