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Bulgarian (// (listen), /-/ bu(u)l-GAIR-ee-ən; български, bŭlgarski, pronounced [ˈbɤɫɡɐrski] (listen)) is an Eastern South Slavic language spoken in Southeastern Europe, primarily in Bulgaria. It is the language of the Bulgarians.
|Speakers||8 million (2012–2020)[dubious ]|
Official language in
|Regulated by||Institute for Bulgarian Language, BAS|
The Bulgarian-speaking world:[image reference needed]
regions where Bulgarian is the language of the majority
regions where Bulgarian is the language of a significant minority
Along with the closely related Macedonian language (collectively forming the East South Slavic languages), it is a member of the Balkan sprachbund and South Slavic dialect continuum of the Indo-European language family. The two languages have several characteristics that set them apart from all other Slavic languages, including the elimination of case declension, the development of a suffixed definite article, and the lack of a verb infinitive. They retain and have further developed the Proto-Slavic verb system (albeit analytically). One such major development is the innovation of evidential verb forms to encode for the source of information: witnessed, inferred, or reported.
It is the official language of Bulgaria, and since 2007 has been among the official languages of the European Union. It is also spoken by minorities in several other countries such as Moldova, Ukraine and Serbia.