cover image

Costa Rica

Country in Central America / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Dear Wikiwand AI, let's keep it short by simply answering these key questions:

Can you list the top facts and stats about Costa Rica?

Summarize this article for a 10 years old


Costa Rica (UK: /ˌkɒstə ˈrkə/, US: /ˌkstə/ (Loudspeaker.svglisten); Spanish: [ˈkosta ˈrika]; literally "Rich Coast"), officially the Republic of Costa Rica (Spanish: República de Costa Rica), is a country in the Central American region of North America, bordered by Nicaragua to the north, the Caribbean Sea to the northeast, Panama to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, and maritime border with Ecuador to the south of Cocos Island. It has a population of around five million[10][11] in a land area of 51,060 km2 (19,710 sq mi). An estimated 333,980 people live in the capital and largest city, San José, with around two million people in the surrounding metropolitan area.[12]

Quick facts: Republic of Costa RicaRepública de Costa Rica...
Republic of Costa Rica
República de Costa Rica (Spanish)
Anthem: "Himno Nacional de Costa Rica" (Spanish)
"National Anthem of Costa Rica"
Location of Costa Rica
and largest city
San José
9°56′N 84°5′W
Official languagesSpanish
Recognized regional languages
Ethnic groups
GovernmentUnitary presidential republic
Rodrigo Chaves
Stephan Brunner
Mary Munive
LegislatureLegislative Assembly
Independence declared
 from Spain
15 September 1821
1 July 1823
14 November 1838
 Recognized by Spain
10 May 1850
7 November 1949[1]
51,100 km2 (19,700 sq mi) (126th)
 Water (%)
1.05 (as of 2015)[5]
 2022 estimate
5,204,411[6] (124th)
220/sq mi (84.9/km2) (107th)
GDP (PPP)2022 estimate
Increase $129.95 billion[7] (90th)
 Per capita
Increase $24,837[7] (66th)
GDP (nominal)2022 estimate
Increase $68.489 billion[7] (85th)
 Per capita
Increase $13,090[7] (64th)
Gini (2020)Negative increase 49.7[8]
HDI (2021)Decrease 0.809[9]
very high · 58th
CurrencyCosta Rican colón (CRC)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+506
ISO 3166 codeCR

The sovereign state is a unitary presidential constitutional republic. It has a long-standing and stable democracy and a highly educated workforce.[13] The country spends roughly 6.9% of its budget (2016) on education, compared to a global average of 4.4%.[13] Its economy, once heavily dependent on agriculture, has diversified to include sectors such as finance, corporate services for foreign companies, pharmaceuticals, and ecotourism. Many foreign manufacturing and services companies operate in Costa Rica's Free Trade Zones (FTZ) where they benefit from investment and tax incentives.[14]

Costa Rica was inhabited by indigenous peoples before coming under Spanish rule in the 16th century. It remained a peripheral colony of the empire until independence as part of the First Mexican Empire, followed by membership in the Federal Republic of Central America, from which it formally declared independence in 1847. Following the brief Costa Rican Civil War in 1948, it permanently abolished its army in 1949, becoming one of only a few sovereign nations without a standing army.[15][16][17]

The country has consistently performed favorably in the Human Development Index (HDI), placing 58th in the world as of 2022, and fifth in Latin America.[18] It has also been cited by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) as having attained much higher human development than other countries at the same income levels, with a better record on human development and inequality than the median of the region.[19] It also performs well in comparisons of democratic governance, press freedom, subjective happiness and sustainable wellbeing. It has the 8th freest press according to the Press Freedom Index, it is the 35th most democratic country according to the Freedom in the World index and is the 23rd happiest country in the 2023 World Happiness Report.[20][21]