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Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch

Eastern Orthodox patriarchate currently headquartered in Damascus, Syria / From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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The Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch (Greek: Ελληνορθόδοξο Πατριαρχείο Αντιοχείας), also known as the Antiochian Orthodox Church and legally as the Rūm Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch and All the East (Arabic: بطريركيّة أنطاكية وسائر المشرق للروم الأرثوذكس, romanized: Baṭriyarkiyyat ʾAnṭākiya wa-Sāʾir al-Mašriq li-r-Rūm al-ʾUrṯūḏuks, lit.'Patriarchate of Antioch and All the East for the Orthodox Rum'[6]), is an autocephalous Greek Orthodox church within the wider communion of Eastern Orthodox Christianity that branched off from the Church of Antioch. Headed by the Greek Orthodox patriarch of Antioch, it considers itself the successor to the Christian community founded in Antioch by the Apostles Peter and Paul. It is one of the largest Christian denominations of the Middle East, alongside the Copts of Egypt and the Maronites of Lebanon.[7]

Quick facts: Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch and A...
Coat of arms Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch and all East
Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch and All the East
بطريركيّة أنطاكية وسائر المشرق للروم الأرثوذكس
Mariamite Cathedral, Damascus, Syria, headquarters of the Greek Orthodox Church of Antioch since 1342 AD, with the 'Umariyya Minaret at the front, to the right
ClassificationEastern Orthodox
OrientationGreek Orthodox
ScriptureSeptuagint, New Testament
TheologyEastern Orthodox theology
PrimateJohn X (Yazigi), Patriarch of Antioch and All the East (since December 17, 2012)
LanguageKoine Greek,
Aramaic (Classical Syriac & Syro-Palestinian) (historical),[1]
Arabic (official),[2]
Turkish (in Turkey),
English, French, Portuguese, Spanish and other languages (extended)
HeadquartersMariamite Cathedral, Damascus, Syria
Traditionally: Church of Cassian, Antioch, Byzantine Empire
Monastic residence: Balamand Monastery, Koura, Lebanon
TerritoryPrimary: Syria, Lebanon, part of Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, UAE, Oman, Yemen, Saudi Arabia (formerly also Cyprus, Georgia and parts of the Central Caucasus area)
Extended: North America, Central America, South America, Western, Southern and Central Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Philippines
FounderApostles Peter and Paul
IndependenceA.D. 519[3]
Branched fromChurch of Antioch
SeparationsMaronite Church - 685

Georgian Orthodox Church - 1010[4]

Melkite Catholic Patriarchate of Antioch - 1724
MembersApprox. 4.3 million (2012)[5]

Its adherents, known as Antiochian Christians, are a Middle-Eastern semi-ethnoreligious Eastern Christian group residing in the Levant region including the Hatay Province of Turkey.[8][7] Many of their descendants now live in the global Eastern Christian diaspora. The number of Antiochian Greek Christians is estimated to be approximately 4.3 million.[9]

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